Green Hat

Here’s a little tip for men in China hoping to avoid public castigation: don’t wear a green hat. Unfortunately this advice came a little late for me, but first a little background as to why it’s a cultural faux pas over here:

In China “wearing a green hat” (戴绿帽子 or dài lǜ mào zǐ) is an expression that Chinese use when a woman cheats on her husband or boyfriend because the phrase sounds similar to the word for cuckold. This apparently dates back to the Yuan dynasty when the relatives of prostitutes were forced to wear green hats.

If you’re given a green hat by your significant other then the news is probably not good. To wear one is to be a bit of a dim idiot! In addition giving someone shoes or a watch is also a no-no as it signifies that your relationship is coming to an end.

These are just a few examples of how language and symbolism are closely intertwined in China. I’ve lost count of the number of times I’ve been told to watch my pronunciation because a certain word sounds like the meaning of something else undesirable. I’d be interested to see if anyone has a list of the most common ones. Would certainly come in handy for hapless travellers and expats alike 🙂


  1. Kitty says:

    Terrified at this picture. Fortunately, you didn’t show your face. hehe ~

    Also learned the background of Green Hat from your blog as a chinese.

    Hope u can speak chinese with me while we see each other next time.

    • David says:

      Yes with face would have been to loose face so probably not a good idea to reveal 😉 I’m rather surprised I was able to teach you something about Chinese culture but I wouldn’t get your hopes up about the speaking Chinese bit yet!

  2. florance says:

    eating doufu it means you want to take advantage of woman.
    so dont ask woman to eat doufu.hehe.

  3. florance says:

    i just thought this one but this one is interesting. i will share it when i think out that

  4. Kitty says:

    I looked up the local dictionary, it’s said that: in Yuan dynasty not Ming dynasty, according to the law, the husband of a brothel madam must always wear a green hat. Notice that a madam is usually promoted from a prostitute.

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  6. tara says:

    Interesting. Is it mostly an expression or would a husband actually wear a green hat to announce adultery on his wife’s part? (Because, who would want to do the latter?)

    • David says:

      Hi Tara – I think it’s just a metaphorical thing these days. Men still don’t like wearing green though as it still has the same association.

  7. JDillet says:

    I bought one of those green caps with the red star at the Forbidden City and wore it….. a lot. I would always get complimented on it or a thumbs up walking around Beijing. ….no I wonder if I wasn’t the butt of a joke 🙂

    • liz says:

      the green caps with a red star is not relevant to this Chinese culture. Instead, it stands for the brave Chinese soldiers during the second world war. So it is not a bad one.

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