China History

The Humble Administrator’s Garden

After spending a couple of days in Shanghai with my family, our next stop was Suzhou (苏州市). Famous for its canals, stone bridges, pagodas, and meticulously designed gardens, I’d visited twice before (2009/2015) and was keen to see something new.

The Humble Administrator’s Garden (拙政园) was originally built in 1509 during the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644). It was initially a private garden of a former government servant named Wang Xianchen. It was said that Wang was frustrated in his official career, so he intended to retire from politics and adopt a hermit’s life while working on the garden.

Celestial Spring Tower

The garden was named after a verse by the famous poet of the Jin Dynasty, Pan Yue:

“I enjoy a carefree life by planting trees and building my own house…I irrigate my garden and grow vegetables for me to eat…such a life suits a retired official like me well.”

An Idle Life

It took 16 years until 1526 to complete. Wang’s son lost the garden to pay gambling debts, and it has changed hands many times since.

Subsequent owners divided the garden into three parts and it wasn’t until in 1949 when were rejoined by the Chinese government and opened to the public, then restored in 1952. In 1997 the garden was given UNESCO World Heritage status.

At 78 mu (亩) (5.2 hectares; 13 acres), it is the largest garden in Suzhou and is considered by some to be the finest garden in all of southern China.

The garden contains numerous pavilions and bridges set among a maze of connected pools and islands. It consists of Eastern, Central and Western sections as well as some residences of the former owners. You’ll need a good few hours to look around.

“To the horizon green lotus leaves seem to extend infinitely; under the sun reddish lotus flowers go bright scarlet.”

Yang Wangli
Mountain in View Pavilion (见山阁)

“As I pick chrysanthemums on the eastern fence, my eyes fall leisurely on the southern mountain.”

Tao Yuanming

At golden hour, the views were sublime (the crowds less-so).

Wavy Waterside Corridor

The covered corridor is named for the grade changes which give it the feel of floating on the waves.

Tower of Reflection (倒影楼)
“With Whom Shall I Sit?” Pavilion (谁同坐轩)

“With whom shall I sit? The bright moon, refreshing breeze and me.”

Su Shi

We were ushered out of the garden at closing time, satisfied but left wanting more!

Suzhou Museum (蘇州博物館) is nearby and well worth combining with a visit to the garden.

Pingjiang Road

Afterwards, we walked south along Pingjiang Road (平江路) through the Old Town of Suzhou following a canal crisscrossed by stone bridges.

The area is a little touristy but it’s been well preserved and you can easily escape down one of the many side alleys to get a taste of what it would have been like originally.

Author

Originally from the UK, David is designer and wanderer currently based in Tokyo. Prior to this, he lived in China and still returns frequently to continue exploring this vast and varied land. He started Randomwire in 2003 to chronicle his travels and occasional musings. Feel free to drop him a line.

3 Comments Add New Comment

  1. Chen says:

    All those history, all condensed into one name of a pavilion.

    “With whom shall I sit?
    The bright moon,
    gentle breeze and myself.”

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